White Pine

(Pinus strobus)

  • 115 feet
  • 100+ years
  • Best planted on well drained to moist, sand and loams
  • Tolerates shade when young
  • Plant at 6’ spacing
  • Grows 2-3 feet per year once established
  • Grows well with red pine, maple, ash and beech

Red Pine

(Pinus resinosa)

  • 80 feet
  • 100+ years
  • Good on infertile, well drained, sandy, gravelly soils
  • Needs full sunlight
  • Plant at 8’ spacing
  • Grows 2-3 feet per year once established
  • Grows well with white pine and aspen

Jack Pine

(Pinus banksiana)

  • 65 feet
  • 80+ years
  • Does well on many sites; will tolerate sandy, gravelly sites
  • Needs full sunlight
  • Grows in pure stands or with birch, aspen, red pine

White Spruce

(Picea glauca)

  • 80 feet
  • 100+ years
  • Best on well drained, mostly silty soils. Tolerates poorly drained and heavy soils. Avoid Dry sites.
  • Needs full sunlight
  • Slow initial growth, then 1-2 feet per year once established
  • Plant at 8’ spacing
  • Grows well with many species

Black Spruce

(Picea mariana)

  • 50 feet
  • 100+ years
  • Poorly drained to well drained sites
  • Moderately shade tolerant
  • Plant at 8’ spacing
  • Grows well with tamarack, white pine, balsam fir, jack pine

Red Spruce

(Picea rubens)

  • 80 feet
  • 100+ years
  • Well drained, moist silty soils, cool moist sites.
  • Very tolerant of shade, best planted under taller trees or small openings
  • Grows well with white pine, balsam fir, yellow birch, sugar maple

White Cedar

(Thuja occidentalis)

  • 50 feet
  • 80+ years
  • Does well on many sites; dry, wet or shallow soils
  • Tolerant of shade
  • Slow growing
  • Grows well with white pine, balsam fir, yellow birch, sugar maple

Balsam Fir

(Abies balsamea)

  • 65 feet
  • 60 years
  • Adapted to a variety of soils
  • Very tolerant of shade
  • Grows well in pure stands or with birch, aspen, white spruce or hemlock

Tamarack

(Larix laricina)

  • 80 feet
  • 80 years
  • Tolerates wet, poorly drained sites
  • Grows better on moist, sandy soils
  • Needs full sunlight
  • Grows well in pure stands or with birch, aspen, spruce

Norway Spruce

(Picea abies)

  • 100 feet
  • 100+ years
  • Best on well drained to moist, sand and loams (similar to white pine)
  • Avoid wet or dry sites
  • Tolerates some shade
  • Plant at 8’ spacing